MAL-ED Resources

Data and Analysis Resources

This is the intro text to link to the 2 studies, EPIPOI – A User-Friendly Tool to Analyze and Visualize Epidemiological Time Series Data and Catalogue of Disease Burden and Other Relevant Risk Factor Data for MAL-ED Analyses

 

Epipoi software

EPIPOI – A User-Friendly Tool to
Analyze and Visualize Epidemiological
Time Series Data

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Statistical techniques to analyze epidemiological data are becoming increasingly sophisticated, so much so that they are getting further removed from the health practitioners and decision makers who need to use them. Common analytical tools often lack methods relevant to time-series data, forcing users to either defer to more experienced users or be confronted with the steep learning curve of coding their own functions. EPIPOI makes such techniques available without requiring special mathematical knowledge. We believe that such complexity is meant for programmers and not users, who should be principally concerned with extracting and interpreting the maximal information from their data.
EPIPOI automatically extracts trends to establish broad patterns in time series, which is useful on its own but also a helpful step to then look more closely at what happens within any particular year. The important seasonal parameters of an epidemiological series can be extracted easily. EPIPOI can also be used to look carefully at anomalies (which is extremely useful for instance, to investigate exceptional years with pandemics or epidemic outbreaks). Where EPIPOI is at its most exciting is the comparison of all these parameters mentioned above (and others) from different geographic locations. By doing that, a new level of analytical possibilities is opened. Users of EPIPOI are encouraged to visualize these parameters in the context of geographic variation to identify possible relationships in both space and time.
EPIPOI is an executable file written and compiled in Matlab, which can run on any Windows system (future versions might expand to other OS). EPIPOI was created by Wladimir J. Alonso and Benjamin J. J. McCormick, both contract researchers from the Fogarty International Center and members of the data analysis team for MAL-ED. The program can be freely downloaded and is accompanied by a website that will, in time, detail more examples and uses of its methods, www.epipoi.info. We hope that a vibrant user community will stimulate ideas and advances in the program on top of helping to improve the implementation of EPIPOI to ultimately get more from the wealth of epidemiological data that already exists.

Catalogue of Disease Burden and Other Relevant Risk Factor Data for MAL-ED Analyses

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In addition to diarrheal morbidity and mortality data, other information is useful to make sense of disease patterns. For example demographic data is necessary to scale absolute numbers of disease morbidity into rates that are more directly comparable between locations. Similarly certain risk factors might predispose a population to higher rates of infection and comparing or stratifying populations by these factors can aide in the extrapolation of disease patterns to populations that lack disease data, though might have relevant data from a census or survey.
Much of this data is publicly available, or has been estimated for other purposes, for example interpolated census data to approximate human population density, a model of elevation to illustrate risk of flooding or a survey of vaccine uptake. Data presented in the below illustrate the breadth of information that was sought to help interpret patterns in disease data and. Where available, links to these datasets have been provided.

 

Disease Burden

Country: Mexico

Mortality: ICD code 9 &10, gender, and age; Dates: 1979-2001; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: state & municipality

Source: National Institute of Statistics, Geography, and Informatics; INEGI

Country: Peru

Morbidity: cases per week stratified in age groups of less than 1 year, 1-4 years and 5+ years of age. Dates: 1999-2008; Level of temporal aggregation: Weekly; Level of spatial aggregation: Province

Source: Mexico Ministry of Health

Malnutrition: Percentage of children under the age of 5, who are underweight; Count of children, under the age of 5, who are underweight, Count of children under age 5; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2000, 2004-2008

Source: DHS & Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) 2005. Global subnational rates of child underweight status [dataset]. CIESIN, Palisades, NY, USA

Country: Brazil

Mortality: ICD codes 7-10, gender, & individual’s age, and occupation. Dates: 1978-2005; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Municipality;

Source: Brazil, Ministry of Health

Malnutrition: Percentage of children under the age of 5, who are underweight; Count of children, under the age of 5, who are underweight, Count of children under age 5.; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional Dates: 1986, 1991, 1996.

Source: DHS & Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) 2005. Global subnational rates of child underweight status [dataset]. CIESIN, Palisades, NY, USA.

Country: USA

Mortality: data some years available at individual level (date of death) by respective ICD codes, age and gender; Dates: 1968-73, 1974-78, 1989-1997, 1999, 2002, 2003, 1994-1998, 2000, 2001; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly/date of death; Level of spatial aggregation: State

Source: National Center of Statistics

Morbidity: National weekly rotavirus laboratory test result data are collected on a voluntary basis. Dates: 2008-2010; Level of temporal aggregation: Weekly; Level of spatial aggregation: region

Source: National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System (NREVSS) is a laboratory-based system that monitors temporal and geographic patterns including rotavirus.

Malnutrition: Food security indicators Level of temporal aggregation: annually; Level of spatial aggregation: census block; Dates: 1995 – 2002

Source: The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of about 50,000 households conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The survey has been conducted for more than 50 years.

Country: Argentina

Mortality: Mortality data by gender and stratified in 0-11 months, 1-5 yrs and 5 year age groups thereafter Dates: 2002-2007; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Province

Source: Argentina, Ministry of Health

Malnutrition: Percentage of children under the age of 5, who are underweight; Count of children, under the age of 5, who are underweight, Count of children under age 5.; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional Dates: 1995-2000

Source: UNICEF & Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) 2005. Global subnational rates of child underweight status [dataset]. CIESIN, Palisades, NY, USA

Country: Ecuador

Mortality: Mortality data by gender, age, education, economics Dates: 1997-2009; Level of temporal aggregation: month; Level of spatial aggregation: province

Source: National Institute of Statistics and Census of Ecuador.INEC

Country: Thailand

Mortality: Mortality data by gender Dates: 2002-2008 (varying degrees of aggregation); Level of temporal aggregation: month; Level of spatial aggregation: province

Morbidity: Morbidity data by gender Dates: 2002-2008 (varying degrees of aggregation); Level of temporal aggregation: month; Level of spatial aggregation: province

Source: Ministry of Health, Thailand

Country: Pakistan

Mortality: data stratified in 0-11 months, 1-5 yrs and 5 year age groups thereafter. Dates: 2002-2006; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: District

Source: National Health System of Ministry of Health, Pakistan

Malnutrition: Underweight, stunting, wasting; Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional Dates: 1991, 2006

Source: DHS & Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) 2005. Global subnational rates of child underweight status [dataset]. CIESIN, Palisades, NY, USA

Country: India

Mortality: Mortality data by gender Dates: 1983-2003 (varying degrees of aggregation); Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State

Morbidity: Morbidity data by gender Dates: 1998-2008 (varying degrees of aggregation); Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State

Source: India Health Stat

Country: Nepal

Mortality: Mortality data by gender and nenonatal, infant, child, and five year age groups. Dates: July 2007-2008 (varying degrees of aggregation); Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National

Morbidity: Morbidity data by gender and infant, child, and five year age groups. Dates: July 2007-2008 (varying degrees of aggregation); Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: District

Source: Ministry of Health, Nepal

Risk Factors at Population level

Country: Brazil

Density: Density data available by gender.; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Municipality Dates: 1996

Source: DHS & IBGE.

Measure DHS; Measure DHS

US: official%26hs%3DmAS&rurl=translate.google.com&twu=1&usg=ALkJrhirUSkyhAyCuN5LRa9EsWAQQ5U_yA,
http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?hl=en&sl=pt&u=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/contagem2007/default.shtm&prev=/search%3Fq%3D
http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en- US:official%26hs%3DmAS&rurl=translate.google.com&twu=1&usg=ALkJrhgK6YM78NikBseYdAQYSgu5YiqiyA,IBGE

IBGE;

Country: Chile

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation; Annual; Level of spatial aggregation municipality; Dates: 1992, 2002

Population Estimate: Population by age & gender; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: municipality Dates: 2002

Source: INE

Country: Uruguay

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation Departmento; Dates: 1985, 1996

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Population estimates: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945- 2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Indonesia

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation desa Dates: 1990, 2000

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: China

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation county Dates: 1990, 2000

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: Pakistan

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation district Dates: 1981, 1998

Population Estimate: 5 year age groups by gender Dates: 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: urban/rural breakdown within province

Source: CIESIN;CIESIN

Country: Bangladesh

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation district Dates: 1991, 2001

Source: CIESIN;CIESIN

Country: India

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation Tashil Dates: 1991, 2001

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: Nepal

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation district Dates: 1981, 2001

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: Nigeria

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation substate Dates: 1991

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: Nigeria

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation wereda Dates: 1991

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: Nigeria

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation wereda Dates: 1991

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: South Africa

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation Enumeration area Dates: 1996, 2001

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Population estimates: 5 year age groups Dates: 1996, 2001, 2007, 2009; Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: province/municipality level

Source:

STATS SA

STATS SA

STATS SA

Country: Guinea Bissau

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation sector Dates: 1991

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Country: Egypt

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation sub district Dates: 1990, 2001

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Population estimates; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1950 – 2008

Country: Israel

Density: Level of Temporal aggregation Annual; Level of spatial aggregation sub district Dates: 1990, 2001

Source: CIESIN; CIESIN

Population estimates; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945- 2008

Risk Factors: Socio Economic Indicators

Country: Mexico

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1986-2006

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945-2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Peru

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1986-2006

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945-2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Brazil

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: municipality; Dates: 2003

Source: IBGE

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: municipality; Dates: 2003

Source: IBGE

School Enrollment and Literacy rates: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: municipality; Dates: 2000

Source: IBGE

GINI index: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: municipality; Dates: 2003

Source: IBGE

Country: USA

Per Capita Income: by State; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State Dates: 1959, 1969, 1979, and 1989

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division

Number of Poor and Poverty rate: by State; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State Dates: 1980-2008

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division

School Enrollment: by State; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State Dates: 2000, 2006-2008

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division

Gini Ratio: by State; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State Dates: 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division

Country: Argentina

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1986-2005

Source: Gapminder

Poverty status: by sex, age; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: 28 urban centers; Dates: 2003-2006, 2003, 2004, 2009

Source: INDEC

Illiteracy Rate: by sex, age; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Province; Dates: 2001

Source: INDEC

Country: Chile

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1987-2005

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945-2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Nicaragua

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1993-2005

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945-2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Ecuador

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1987-2007

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945-2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Pakistan

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1987-2007

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945-2008

Source: Gapminder

Education: Enrollment of various age groups in school; adult literacy.; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Province/ District; Dates: 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008.

Source: Pakistan social and living standard measuring survey.STAT PAK

Country: South Africa

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1993-2003

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1945-2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Egypt

GDP: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1991-2005

Source: Gapminder

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1950-2008

Source: Gapminder

Country: Israel

Poverty: Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: National Dates: 1950-2008

Source: Gapminder

Risk Factors: Environmental Factors

Country: Mexico

Access to clean water: Type of water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: municipality; Dates: 1990, 2000;

Sanitation: Type of drainage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: municipality: 1990, 2000;

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2008

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Peru

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2000, 1996, 1991-92

Source: DHS

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2000, 1996, 1991-92

Source: DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2008

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Brazil

Access to clean water: Percentage distribution of permanent households, according to residence and form of water; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Municipality Dates: 2000

Source: IBGE

Sanitation: Percentage distribution of permanent households, according to residence and type of sewage; Percentage distribution of permanent households, according to residence and destination of waste; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Municipality Dates: 2000

Source: IBGE

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2008

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: USA

Access to clean water: source of water; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State; Dates: 1970, 1980, 1990

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Sanitation: sewage disposal; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: State Dates: 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2008

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Chile

Access to clean water: Water connection at home or source of drinking water; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Departmento; Dates: 2002

DHS

Sanitation: Water connection at home or source of drinking water; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Departmento; Dates: 2002

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2008

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Nicaragua

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2001, 1998

Source: DHS

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2001, 1998

Source: DHS

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Indonesia

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Source: DHS

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Pakistan

Access to clean water: Main source of drinking water; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Province/ District; Dates: 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008.

Source: Pakistan social and living standard measuring survey. STAT PAK

Sanitation: Main source of drinking water; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Province/ District; Dates: 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008.

Source: Pakistan social and living standard measuring survey. STAT PAK

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Bangladesh

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2007, 2004, 1999-2000, 1996-1997, 1993-1994

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2007, 2004, 1999-2000, 1996-1997, 1993-1994

Source: DHS

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: India

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2005-2006, 1998-1999, 1992-1993

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2005-2006, 1998-1999, 1992-1993

Source: DHS

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Nepal

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2006, 2001

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2006, 2001

Source: DHS

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Tanzania

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2004-2005, 1999, 1996, 1991-1992

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2004-2005, 1999, 1996, 1991-1992

Source: DHS

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Country: Egypt

Access to clean water: Source of drinking water & Time to water source; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2005, 2000, 1995, 1992

Sanitation: Type of toilet facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: regional; Dates: 2005, 2000, 1995, 1992

Source: DHS

DHS

Climate: Precipitation/temperature; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km Dates: 1901-2010

Source: Climate CRU

CLIMATE CRU

Risk Factors: Geographic Indicators

Country: Mexico

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Peru

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Brazil

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: USA

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Chile

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Uruguay

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Nicarugua

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Ecuador

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Indonesia

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: China

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Pakistan

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Nepal

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: India

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Bangladesh

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Nigeria

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Ethiopia

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: South Africa

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Guinea Bissau

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Egypt

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Country: Israel

Topography: Elevation; Level of temporal aggregation: Monthly; Level of spatial aggregation: Climate 0.5 deg; Elevation 1km; Dates: 1901-2008

Source: NASA

NASA

Flood risk: Level of temporal resolution: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: between 90m (elevation) and 0.5 degrees (CRU climate); Dates: 2000

UNEP

Risk Factors: Health Infrastructure and Human Capacity Indicators

Country: Mexico

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Peru

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates:(1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Brazil

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Argentina

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Chile

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Uruguay

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Nicargua

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Ecuador

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Indonesia

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: China

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Pakistan

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Bangladesh

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: India

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Nepal

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Nigeria

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Ethiopia

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Guinea Bissau

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: South Africa

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Egypt

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Country: Israel

Health Infrastructure: Hospital bed/dispensaries; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Human Capacity: health worker/physician/dentist/midwife density & govt expenditure in health; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial resolution: National; Dates: (1990-2006); 2000

Source: WHOSIS

Risk Factors: Basic Health Intervention Indicators

Country: Mexico

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1986

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1986

Source: DHS

ORS use:ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1986

Source: DHS

Country: Peru

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1991-92, 1996, 2000, 1986

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1991-92, 1996, 2000, 1986

Source: DHS

ORS use:ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1991-92, 1996, 2000, 1986

Source: DHS

Country: Brazil

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1986, 1991, 1996

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1986, 1991, 1996

Source: DHS

ORS use:ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1986, 1991, 1996

Source: DHS

Country: Nicaragua

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1998 , 2001

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1998 , 2001

Source: DHS

ORS use:ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1998 , 2001

Source: DHS

Country: Ecuador

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1987 , 2004

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1987 , 2004

Source: DHS

ORS use:ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 1987 , 2004

Source: DHS

Country: Indonesia

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Source: DHS

ORS use: ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Source: DHS

Country: Pakistan

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2006-2007, 1990-1991

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 22006-2007, 1990-1991

Source: DHS

ORS use: ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2006-2007, 1990-1991

Source: DHS

Country: Bangladesh

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Source: DHS

ORS use: ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2007, 2002-03, 1997, 1994, 1991

Source: DHS

Country: India

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2005-2006, 1998-1999, 1992-1993

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2005-2006, 1998-1999, 1992-1993

Source: DHS

ORS use: ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2005-2006, 1998-1999, 1992-1993

Source: DHS

Country: Nepal

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2006, 2001

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2006, 2001

Source: DHS

ORS use: ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2006, 2001

Source: DHS

Country: Egypt

Vaccine: Polio, Measles, BCG, DPT coverage; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2005, 2000, 1995, 1992

Source: DHS

Breastfeeding Status: Proportion of >6 month children exclusively breast fed; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2005, 2000, 1995, 1992

Source: DHS

ORS use: ORS use at home/health facility; Level of temporal aggregation: Annual; Level of spatial aggregation: Regional; Dates: 2005, 2000, 1995, 1992

Source: DHS